Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

Security of energy supply and reduction of carbon emissions is central to the UK Government's energy policy, as is maintaining a suitable mix of future energy resources.

The UK's natural resources are declining and will only be partially replaced by indigenous renewables.

BGS supports science that seeks to understand and maximise the recovery of dwindling fossil fuel reserves, as well as helping the development of renewable energy such as geothermal power.

Further fossil fuel development could be mitigated by carbon capture and storage (CCS). BGS is a world leader in CCS science and geophysical research into the structure of underground reservoirs, as well as a centre for research into unconventional hydrocarbon and coal resource development.

Research areas

Advanced seismic techniquesAdvanced seismic techniques

Underground reservoirs and the flow of liquids and gases within them are important to our understanding of reserves of oil, gas and groundwater.

CO2 storageCO2 storage

BGS is recognised as a European centre of excellence for the study of carbon dioxide storage.

Coal and unconventional gasClean coal exploitation and unconventional gas

Research into drilling into coal seams to extract the methane that naturally occurs within coal.

Monitoring and testing future energy in the UKEnergy Security and Innovation Observing System for the Subsurface (ESIOS)

Monitoring and testing future energy in the UK. This is a first of a kind, pioneering system to realise the huge potential of Britain's underground energy resources.

The measured shallow temperature field in BritainGeothermal energy

Geothermal energy in the UK and engineered geothermal systems.

MEC logo

BGS is a partner in the Midlands Energy Consortium, a collaboration in energy research and training, along with the Universities of Birmingham, Loughborough, Nottingham and Warwick.

National geological modelNational geophysical survey

Plans to generate better data through a National Geophysical Survey extend BGS National Geological Model.

Petroleum geosciencePetroleum geoscience

Working with UK and overseas governments to provide geological and oil prospectivity advice.

Phase transition © gas

From prospectivity assessment and shale fracture analysis to materials testing and hydrological impact assessment.

Underground natural gas storageUnderground natural gas storage

The UK is in need of increased gas storage to smooth out sudden demands in supply.


Contact Robert Gatliff for more information.